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What are TCP/UDP ports 9, 11 and 13 used for?

In Windows 2000 Server, what are TCP/UDP port 9, TCP/UDP port 11 and TCP/UDP port 13 used for? Are they necessary to run/access a Windows 2000 Server over a WAN? Firewall group is asking.
I know of no valid reason to have these ports open on the firewall. There is no native Windows OS reason for them, let alone any reason that they should be accessible across a firewall from the WAN.

All three ports are reserved (assigned by IANA). Port 13 is specifically reserved for the "daytime" protocol (RFC 867) which returns the current date and time if the port is accessed. Port 9 is assigned to the discard function (i.e. any data sent here is simply dropped, in the past it was used as a test). Port 11 is assigned to systat. This used to be implemented on Unix systems in order to make them more easy to remotely admin. When queried, it would dump a list of the active processes. It's not exactly something you want open on the LAN today, let along on the WAN. In short, none of these ports are used by Windows and NONE of them should really be open for any reason on the firewall.

This was first published in December 2003

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