Windows 8 Definitions

  • A

    AppX file

    AppX is the application distribution file format that was introduced with Microsoft Windows 8.

  • C

    client-side extension (CSE)

    A client-side extension (CSE) is an integral component of enterprise group policy administration that applies Group Policy to users or endpoint systems.

  • CONFIG.SYS

    CONFIG.SYS is a text file containing DOS (Disk Operating System) commands that tell the operating system how the computer is initially set up.

  • context menu (right-click menu)

    A context menu is a pop-up menu that provides shortcuts for things the software developer anticipates the user might want to do.  

  • H

    HyperTerminal

    HyperTerminal is a communications and terminal emulation program that came with the Windows 98 and Windows XP operating systems.

  • I

    IO.SYS

    In the Windows 95 operating system, IO.SYS is an executable binary file (in other words, a program) that, when the operating system is booted (started), processes instructions that tell the operating system how the computer is set up.

  • M

    Microsoft USMT (User State Migration Tool)

    The Microsoft User State Migration Tool (USMT) is a command-line utility used to transfer user files and settings between computers.

  • Microsoft Windows 8 Modern

    Microsoft Windows 8 Modern (formerly called Metro) is the Microsoft user interface initially released with the Windows 8 operating system.

  • Microsoft Windows BranchCache

    Microsoft BranchCache is a technology intended to cache central data to remote or branch offices in order to reduce network traffic and optimize WAN utilization.

  • Microsoft Windows Explorer

    Microsoft Windows Explorer is a graphical file management utility included with Microsoft Windows 95 and later; finally renamed File Explorer with Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012.

  • Microsoft Windows File Manager

    The Microsoft Windows File Manager is the graphical user interface through which users could see and manipulate files and folders on early-version Windows computers.

  • Microsoft Windows Recovery Environment (Windows RE)

    The Microsoft Windows Recovery Environment, or Windows RE, is a simplified, scaled-back version of the Windows operating system that is used to boot the system when Windows 8.x, Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2 can't.

  • Microsoft Windows Task Manager

    Microsoft Windows Task Manager is a component of Microsoft Windows intended to assist administrators or advanced system users in monitoring, managing and troubleshooting a Windows computer system.

  • W

    Windows 8

    Windows 8 is a Microsoft operating system (OS) that was released in 2012 as part of the Windows NT family. Windows 8 represents a major departure from previous versions of Windows because it is based on the Metro design language, which facilitates a UI (user interface) similar to the ones found in mobile phones.

  • Windows Imaging Format (WIM)

    The Windows Imaging Format (or WIM) is used for the creation and distribution of disk image files.

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