User passwords and network permissions

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  • John the Ripper

    John the Ripper is a popular free password cracking tool that combines several different cracking programs and runs in both brute force and dictionary attack modes. Originally developed for Unix-derived systems, the software is now available for most... 

  • password blacklist

    A password blacklist is a list of words disallowed as user passwords due to their commonplace use. Blacklists may also incorporate rules to prevent the use of common passwords with frequently-used modifications such as capital letters, standard subst... 

  • password entropy

    Password entropy is a measurement of how unpredictable a password is. Password entropy is based on the character set used (which is expansible by using lowercase, uppercase, numbers as well as symbols) as well as password length. Password entropy pre... 

  • password strength meter

    A password strength meter is an indicator, either in graphical or text form, of the strength of a password as entered by a user. A password strength meter shows how resistant a given password might be to cracking attempts like brute force attacks. 

  • rainbow table

    A rainbow table is a listing of all possible plaintext permutations of encrypted passwords specific to a given hash algorithm. Rainbow tables are often used by password cracking software for network security attacks. 

  • Microsoft Windows BranchCache

    Microsoft BranchCache is a technology intended to cache central data to remote or branch offices in order to reduce network traffic and optimize WAN utilization. 

  • message passing interface (MPI)

    The message passing interface (MPI) is a standardized means of exchanging messages between multiple computers running a parallel program across distributed memory. 

  • desktop personalization

    Desktop personalization is the process of adjusting the look, feel and organization of a Windows end-user experience. 

  • prefetch folder (PF)

    A Windows prefetch folder is a specific location within Windows XP and later computers that contains a series of small files detailing the startup activities and frequently-used applications. 

  • BIOS password

    A BIOS password is a security precaution that requires a computer user to log into the machine's basic input/output system (BIOS) before a computer will boot up. 

  • See more Definitions on User passwords and network permissions
About User passwords and network permissions

Passwords have long been a tried and true authentication method on Windows systems, but as malicious hackers have evolved and the network perimeter has expanded with all sorts of mobile devices like PDAs, mobile phones and laptops, the need for passwords has only grown. Learn how to manage Windows passwords and password policy in this section. Also, learn how you can manage network user rights and permissions on Windows desktop systems.