One script creates directory, permissions

This tip offers a script that creates a user and home directory and also sets the necessary permissions on that directory.

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This sample script shows you how to create a user and with a home directory, and also sets the necessary permissions on that directory.

The script creates a user and adds additional properties such as telephone number and title, sets the password and enables the user's account. It also creates the user's home folder, sets administrators to have "full" control and the user to have "change" control on the folder. If you view the command line switches for CACLS.EXE and make the appropriate changes in the script, you can easily modify the script to the set permissions to fit the requirements of any environment.

Copy and paste the following script into Notepad (make sure you have Word Wrap disabled) and then save it with a .vbs extension:.

Option Explicit

Const USER_ROOT_UNC = "\\dc1\users" 'Set Home Folder Location Here

Dim WshShell, WshNetwork, objFS, objServer, objShare

Set WshShell = Wscript.CreateObject("Wscript.Shell")
Set WshNetwork = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Network")
Set objFS = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Set ou = GetObject("LDAP://OU=Users,OU=Billing,OU=Network,DC=my,DC=domain,DC=com")

'Create the User
Set usr = ou.Create("user", "CN=James Smith")
usr.Put "samAccountName", "jsmith"
usr.Put "sn", "Smith"
usr.Put "givenName", "James"
usr.Put "userPrincipalName", ""
usr.Put "telephoneNumber", "(555) 555 0111"
usr.Put "title", "Network Billing Dept"

Now that you created the user, reset the user's password and enable the account. usr.SetPassword "secret***!" usr.AccountDisabled = False usr.SetInfo

Now create the user's home folder and set permissions. strUser = usr.samAccountName Call objFS.CreateFolder(USER_ROOT_UNC & "\" & strUser) Call WshShell.Run("cacls " & USER_ROOT_UNC & "\" & strUser & _ " /e /g Administrators:F", HIDE_WINDOW, WAIT_ON_RETURN) Call WshShell.Run("cacls " & USER_ROOT_UNC & "\" & strUser & _ " /e /g " & strUser & ":C", HIDE_WINDOW, WAIT_ON_RETURN) ====================================================

NOTE: Make sure you have the latest scripting engines on the workstation you run this script from. You can download the latest scripting engines here: Microsoft Scripting Home Page

In addition, when working with the Active Directory Services Interface (ADSI), you must have the same applicable rights, as you would use the built-in administrative tools.

Editor's Note: If you would like to receive similar tips on how to manage Windows as well as other expert advice, be sure to subscribe to The Administrator Tip newsletter.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Hans Schefske is an Active Directory and SMS Architect for Management Decisions Inc., a telecommunications company based in Atlanta. He was awarded a Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) Award for SMS in 2003. Hans can be contacted at:

This was first published in February 2005

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