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It's the simple things that really plague Windows security

In the hit 90s animated TV show Hey Arnold!, Arnold’s neighbor Mr. Hyunh becomes an unlikely country star with his song “Simple Things.” He sang about the simple things he likes about life — rain, spring, spicy chicken wings – but he might as well have written the tune about Windows desktop security.

Windows administrators may stay up at night worrying about complex attacks hackers are concocting, but what they really need to focus on is the basics. Sophisticated attacks exist, but attackers could also just steal passwords.

Something as simple as bad passwords can be a gateway to infiltrate Windows. That’s why IT should set length and complexity standards, and require users to change passwords periodically. They should also consider multi-factor authentication such as Windows Hello in Windows 10. This biometric authentication tool allows users to log in by scanning their fingerprints, irises or face.

Admins also must prevent users from accessing unapproved information and limit what they can do with certain data. The Windows 10 Anniversary Update helps IT do just that with Windows Information Protection (WIP), formerly known as Enterprise Data Protection. WIP uses what Microsoft calls enlightened apps to differentiate between personal and business data in Windows 10. Admins can also choose which applications can access what data and prevent users from performing tasks such as copying and pasting business data into unapproved apps.

It is also important to make sure security patches and antivirus software are up to date on every device, as well as encrypt all devices in the organization. Otherwise, if a user loses a device or it gets stolen, it’s easy for someone to access company data because the device password is the only line of defense. Finally, IT should invest in a Windows logging or monitoring tool to see which users might be opening up vulnerabilities.

Any Windows admins losing sleep over security should use Mr. Hyunh’s crooning as a lullaby and remember that it’s the seemingly trivial — summer breeze, 16 cans of peas and a two-speed window fan — that make him happy. It’s the little things that are most likely to come back and haunt Windows security, too.