Enterprise Desktop Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing enterprise desktop and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • M

    Microsoft Windows BranchCache

    Microsoft BranchCache is a technology intended to cache central data to remote or branch offices in order to reduce network traffic and optimize WAN utilization.

  • Microsoft Windows Defender

    Windows Defender is Microsoft's antimalware software. Defender works with Windows Update to automatically install new virus definition files as they are published and provide computers using the Microsoft operating system (OS) with both real-time and anytime scanning options.

  • Microsoft Windows Defender Credential Guard

    Microsoft Windows Defender Credential Guard is a security feature that isolates users' login information from the rest of the operating system to prevent theft.

  • Microsoft Windows Defender Device Guard

    Windows Defender Device Guard is a security feature for Windows 10 Enterprise and Windows Server 2016 designed to use application whitelisting and code integrity policies to protect users' devices from malicious code that could compromise the operating system.

  • Microsoft Windows Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM)

    Microsoft Windows Deployment Image Servicing and Management is a tool IT administrators can access through the command line or PowerShell to mount and service a Windows desktop image or hard disk before deploying it to users.

  • Microsoft Windows Explorer

    Microsoft Windows Explorer is a graphical file management utility included with Microsoft Windows 95 and later; finally renamed File Explorer with Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012.

  • Microsoft Windows File Manager

    The Microsoft Windows File Manager is the graphical user interface through which users could see and manipulate files and folders on early-version Windows computers.

  • Microsoft Windows Hello

    Microsoft Windows Hello is a Windows 10 authentication feature that allows users to access compatible hardware devices without a password.

  • Microsoft Windows Information Protection (WIP)

    Windows Information Protection is a feature built into Windows 10 that allows IT shops to control and manage business data separately from personal data on users' devices.

  • Microsoft Windows Recovery Environment (Windows RE)

    The Microsoft Windows Recovery Environment, or Windows RE, is a simplified, scaled-back version of the Windows operating system that is used to boot the system when Windows 8.x, Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2 can't.

  • Microsoft Windows System Image Manager (SIM)

    Microsoft Windows System Image Manager (SIM) is a tool in the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit IT professionals can use to create and manage unattended setup answer files for Windows before installing the operating system.

  • Microsoft Windows Task Manager

    Microsoft Windows Task Manager is a component of Microsoft Windows intended to assist administrators or advanced system users in monitoring, managing and troubleshooting a Windows computer system.

  • MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System)

    MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System) was the Microsoft-marketed version of the first widely-installed operating system in personal computers.

  • N

    Network File System (NFS)

    The Network File System (NFS) is a client/server application that lets a computer user view and optionally store and update file on a remote computer as though they were on the user's own computer. NFS was developed by Sun Microsystems in the 1980's and is an important distributed file system standard for network-attached storage (NAS).

  • Next Generation Secure Computing Base (NGSCB)

    The Next Generation Secure Computing Base (NGSCB) is a part of the Microsoft Vista operating system (OS) that employs a trusted platform module (TPM), a specialized chip that can be installed on the motherboard of a personal computer (PC) or server for the purpose of hardware authentication... (Continued)

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