Enterprise Desktop Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing enterprise desktop and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • N

    Network File System (NFS)

    The Network File System (NFS) is a client/server application that lets a computer user view and optionally store and update files on a remote computer as though they were on the user's own computer. The NFS protocol is one of several distributed file system standards for network-attached storage (NAS).

  • Next Generation Secure Computing Base (NGSCB)

    The Next Generation Secure Computing Base (NGSCB) is a part of the Microsoft Vista operating system (OS) that employs a trusted platform module (TPM), a specialized chip that can be installed on the motherboard of a personal computer (PC) or server for the purpose of hardware authentication... (Continued)

  • P

    patch management

    Patch management is an area of systems management that involves acquiring, testing, and installing multiple patches (code changes) to an administered computer system.

  • PC as a service (PCaaS)

    PC as a service (PCaaS) is a device lifecycle management model in which an organization pays a monthly subscription fee to lease endpoint hardware and management services from a vendor.

  • physical computer

    A physical computer is a hardware-based device, such as a personal computer. The term is generally used to differentiate hardware-based computers from software-based virtual machines... (Continued)

  • prefetch folder (PF)

    A Windows prefetch folder is a specific location within Windows XP and later computers that contains a series of small files detailing the startup activities and frequently-used applications.

  • Process Explorer

    Process Explorer is a free Windows task manager and system monitoring tool that details which programs in a user's system have a specific file or directory open.

  • Software patch/fix

    A software patch or fix helps resolve issues that crop up in different programs. It can also bolster security and add new features to the software.

  • R

    remote desktop

    Remote desktop is a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.

  • remote desktop protocol (RDP)

    Remote desktop protocol (RDP) is a secure network communications protocol designed for remote management, as well as for remote access to virtual desktops, applications and an RDP terminal server.

  • Remote Python Call (RPyC)

    A remote python call (RPyC) is a type of remote procedure call that allows an administrator to use the universality of Python programming language to manage a remote object as if it were local.

  • RoC (restart on crash)

    RoC (restart on crash) is a functionality built into Windows that automatically restarts an operating system or application when it hangs, freezes or crashes.

  • S

    saved state

    Saved state, in a virtualization context, is a way to store the current state of a virtual machine so that is possible to return to that state quickly when desired... (Continued)

  • Security Accounts Manager (SAM)

    The Security Accounts Manager (SAM) is a database in the Windows operating system (OS) that contains user names and passwords... (Continued)

  • Security Descriptor Definition Language (SDDL)

    Security Descriptor Definition Language (SDDL) is a formal way to specify Microsoft Windows security descriptors or text strings that describe who owns various objects such as files in the system. The security descriptor may also provide an access control list for an object or group of objects.

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